H.E. Anthony Mothae Maruping Commissioner for Economic Affairs African Union Commission at a press conference in the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) on the Ninth (9TH) Joint Annual Meetings of the African Union Specialized Technical Committee on Finance, Monetary Affairs, Economic Planning and Integration and the Ministers of Finance, Planning and Economic Development briefed the media under the theme “towards an integrated and Coherent Approach to Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation of Agenda 2063 and the SDGs” stated that below were the reasons why the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) did not work and gave the reasons also as to why the Agenda 2063 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will work?

  1. There was not much consultation around the MDGs
  2. There was no bottom up approach
  3. There was no ownership of the MDGs
  4. They essentially focused on only social aspects.
  5. Void of sustainability considerations
  6. Need for Economic drive to support gains that had been made on the social front.
  7. Donor dependent, depending on Official Development Assistance and philanthropists, Bill and Melinda Gates, Mo Ibrahim Foundation.
  8. Lack of ownership,
  9. No key accountability framework, for monitoring and evaluation, not structured with indicators and other things in a way that could be monitored and evaluated.

A lot of flaws so to speak that have been learnt from the mistakes of the past in approaching the SDGs and AGENDA2063.

He continued, stressing that consultations have been made and there is more ownership and more commitments to implementation of both agendas. In addition, there is a domestication process now, risk analysis and risk management, capacity assessment of what is needed to achieve them and a proposal on how to achieve them.

There is hope now because we have learnt from the past.

International Organizations that campaign on issues that relate to this like ActionAid International have noted that,’ Africa’s commitment to Agenda 2063 and the SDGs cannot be reached without adequate resources to fund Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation of the two agendas. Without financing, the hopes that Africa’s most vulnerable people have for a world free from poverty and inequality cannot be realised. Tax is the most sustainable and reliable source of financing and wealth redistribution that states have in order to fulfil their obligations’.

When the floor was open for questions, Peterson a journalist from Rwanda said he has observed that there is a challenge, a lack of seriousness at country levels in implementing the Agendas. He probed whether as part of commitments there is an established time frame work under which modalities will be worked on say by 2017 or by 2018, as time is running out and the continent is losing a lot of monies to IFFs to the tune of about $50 billion . In answering, the commissioner mentioned there is the need to follow a logical sequence by developing modalities as the first logical step.

After setting modalities which come with strategies and tactics then progress is made to advocacy, after which we proceed to setting timelines and accountability framework where there will be monitoring and evaluation. After setting the timelines, we cascade down to the others.

“There is no smooth road and no smooth sailing but there is need to push on for the sake of our people to get out of poverty and to further development on this continent”.

Furthermore, the commissioner welcomed all Ministers, Press, civil societies, private and public sector to participate fully at the Africa Development Week.

ActionAid has also asserted that, given the vital and positive role of civil society organizations (media, nongovernmental organizations, academia and think tanks) in efforts to curb tax dodging, it is essential that they should be given the operating space and legal freedoms required for advocacy, activism and research in this area.


by Daniel Nii Ankrah